So many questions that crossed the minds of pregnant women, especially the first pregnant. Not a few who are confused, such as wondering whether to drink coffee or not, can still eat pineapple, may exercise or not, may eat spicy, to the need for a special diet for women who are young pregnant.
One thing to know about young pregnancy, during this period (first trimester) there is a lot of growth and early development of the fetus that can determine subsequent fetal growth and development. No wonder at this time many expectant mothers get advice or advice, especially about food.
There is also a point, anyway, because the nutritional intake of pregnant women will affect the condition and the fetus. The more fulfilled their nutritional needs, the greater the chance the fetus will grow healthy.
Do you need a special diet when you are young?
So, what kind of diet is needed by women out there who are pregnant? This can depend on the physical condition of each pregnant woman, for example in pregnant women who are obese.
According to Dr. Sara Elise Wijono, M.Res, the condition of obesity in pregnancy is associated with a lot of risks, both for mothers and fetuses. For example gestational diabetes, miscarriage, preeclampsia, thromboembolism, obstructive sleep apnea, to death.
Healing wounds in obese mothers after childbirth is also longer than mothers who have ideal body weight. In fact, in the future, babies born to obese mothers are at risk of developing metabolic disorders.
Therefore, there are some specific recommendations that must be obeyed by obese pregnant women so that the above risks do not occur, including:
- There are recommendations for healthy weight gain for obese pregnant women, which is 5-9 kg during pregnancy (single pregnancy) and 11-19 kg for multiple pregnancies.
- Consumption of various colors of vegetables, it is recommended 5 servings of 75 grams each per day.
- Consumption of fruits, it is recommended as much as 2 servings of 150 grams each per day.
- Consumption of vegetable and animal protein without bad fats. Pregnant women are encouraged to consume 3½ servings per day (1 portion of approximately 65 grams).
- Eat as much as 2½ servings of dairy products per day (1 serving is approximately equal to a glass of milk).
- Reduce saturated fatty foods, such as various cakes and fried foods.
- Don’t consume a lot of salt. Choose low-sodium foods.
- Avoid foods and drinks that contain lots of sugar, even if it’s bottled juice.
- Avoid raw or undercooked food.
Pregnant women with ideal weight, still need a special diet?
dr. Nadia Octavia said, if you do not have special conditions recommended by doctors to go on a diet, you should not limit food intake. Limiting it can actually harm the fetus.
If excess weight gain is something that you are afraid of, try to outsmart by eating small but frequent portions, then multiply your fiber intake. Pregnant women do need at least 25 grams of fiber per day so as not to experience severe constipation problems and to stabilize blood pressure.
Health during a young pregnancy really needs to be considered, because at this time the growth and early development of the fetus are crucial. Not only the fetus, the health of pregnant women also needs to be maintained. Need to diet or not pregnant women while pregnant is determined by the condition of the body, especially if you have certain medical conditions or not. Therefore, it is important to check with your obstetrician and follow all his recommendations. The priority is to always meet the nutritional needs of pregnancy so that the fetus remains healthy, smooth labor, and baby growth and development is always maintained.