Pregnancy is a process of growth and development of the fetus in the mother’s womb. The fetus gets nutrition from the mother from the placenta. What is consumed by pregnant women will greatly affect the condition of the fetus in the womb, so that eating patterns at this time should not be arbitrary. Well, if during pregnancy you actually like to eat fatty foods, stop immediately. The reason is, these habits can be bad for the fetus.
When pregnant, as much as possible you should change your lifestyle to be more healthy in order to maintain self and fetal health. Not only is a healthy diet nutritiously complete (as well as the fulfillment of nutrients for pregnancy), you are also advised to exercise regularly.
How food can affect the health of the fetus
The relationship between food intake of pregnant women with the health of the fetus being conceived is very close. If you consume a variety of foods that are nutritiously complete, of course, the fetus will grow and develop optimally. His health after birth and in the future can also be guaranteed.
Conversely, if the eating patterns of pregnant women are careless and do not pay attention to nutrition, growth and development of the baby can be hampered. In fact, it can threaten his health later on. Not only that, unhealthy eating patterns can also interfere with the health of pregnant women.
Therefore, pregnant women need to pay attention to the following things:
Beware of gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and venous thromboembolism
One type of food that should be reduced and limited by pregnant women is fatty foods. Not only is the fat content high, so is the calories. If consumption is out of control, pregnant women can be at risk of obesity. Obesity in pregnancy can lead to complications such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and venous thromboembolism.
Gestational diabetes is diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. You need to know, obese pregnant women have a risk of up to 3-4 times to have gestational diabetes compared to pregnant women with normal weight and excess. Gestational diabetes sufferers also have a higher risk for later developing diabetes mellitus.
Preeclampsia is one of the complications of pregnancy which is characterized by increased blood pressure. Obese pregnant women also have a 50 percent greater risk of experiencing preeclampsia than pregnant women with normal weight. Not only that, obese pregnant women are also at higher risk of maternal death. The causes are varied, it could be due to preeclampsia or pulmonary embolism.
The risk of miscarriage increases
In addition to the two conditions above, the incidence of miscarriages is also more common in obese pregnant women, especially in the first trimester. The risk of developing stillbirth is also doubled in obese pregnant women. Not only that, babies are also at risk of being born with birth defects and heart abnormalities.
Children are more at risk of developing metabolic diseases
Later in life, children born to obese pregnant women are also more at risk of developing metabolic diseases such as obesity, high blood pressure (hypertension), glucose intolerance, and body fat levels above normal (dyslipidemia). Usually, these complications can be seen since the child is born until the age of 11 years.
Baby’s digestion becomes unhealthy
If you consume too much fatty food during pregnancy, your baby’s digestion can become unhealthy. The number of good bacteria in the intestine will be less than that of babies born to mothers whose eating patterns are healthy. Later, babies will be more at risk of suffering from gastrointestinal diseases such as diarrhea and other infections.
Affects baby’s psychological health
Research shows that high-fat diets in pregnant women can also affect the fetal and hormonal development of the fetus. Both of these are very important in psychic development. Two disorders that can occur are anxiety disorders and depression.
The five conditions above are some important reasons why pregnant women should pay attention to food intake. If during pregnancy you are still a hobby of eating fatty foods, reduce and limit the health of yourself and the fetus. Fulfill the calorie needs of pregnancy, the composition of food must be healthy and fully nutritious (containing carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, fiber, and water), fulfill pregnancy essential nutrients (folic acid, DHA, iron, and calcium), and eating schedule orderly.